HISTORY AND CONTEXT OF THE PROGRAM

 

The Inter-Graduate Program in Aesthetics and Art History of University of São Paulo (PGEHA/USP) was approved in July 2000, for master’s and doctoral degree levels. The master’s degree was recommended by the Coordination for the Improvement of Higher Level Personnel (Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior – CAPES) in July 2002 and was implemented in the first semester of 2003. The doctorate was recommended in August 2013 and was implemented in the second semester of 2014.

 

The Program is a joint activity of the School of Communications and Arts (Escola de Comunicações e Artes – ECA/USP), School of Arts, Science and Humanities (Escola de Artes, Ciências e Humanidades – EACH/USP), Faculty of Architecture and Urbanism (Faculdade de Arquitetura e Urbanismo – FAU/USP), Faculty of Philosophy, Letters and Human Science (Faculdade de Filosofia, Letras e Ciências Humanas – FFLCH/USP) and the Museum of Contemporary Art (Museu de Arte Contemporânea – MAC/USP) and responds to the emerging needs of several cultural sectors. It is crescent the request for habilitated professionals in the field of arts to work in cultural centers, schools, museums and artistic institutions. Thereby, over this decade of work, the Program has proven itself needed and relevant, filling a gap in formation of researchers in the field of Aesthetics, Art History and their interfaces.

 

Following the dynamics of the University of São Paulo, professors and researchers involved in the research and in the production of interdisciplinary studies related to art proposed the Program, taking advantage of the long historical experience in the field, at this University. On this matter, it is important to remember pioneer professors, such as Roger Bastide, Lévi-Strauss, Jean Maugué, Ungaretti, Ruy Galvão de Andrada Coelho, Lourival Gomes Machado, Gilda de Mello e Souza, Antônio Cândido, among others, who significantly acted, in the first decades of the implementation of the University, generating until today deployments in their cultural and artistic reflection. Such contributions and their direct or indirect influences formed generations of intellectuals in this University and are still relevant to several units, institutes, museums, research centers and associations. Several works of great importance for the present, developed by the teams of professors and researchers of the units, which compose the Program, are reflections of these influences.

 

The Inter-Graduate Program in Aesthetics and Art History distinguishes itself for establishing and updating aesthetic concepts based on national and international historical references, being able to situating and deepen the extent of an artistic object and its insertion in a network of values and social, cultural and economic representations. In order to reach its purpose, it proposes several approaches in the investigation of the artistic process. Always present in the discussions are the complexity, the several levels and conditions which involve the artist, the work of art, the circulation and the understanding of the work of art, as well as the unveiling of the conditions of the historiographical and critical discourse, rethinking, revaluating and redefining concepts that guide the contemporary answers to the following questions: What is the art in each social and cultural context? What is the role of the artist? What makes that, in a given moment and context, an object was considered a “work of art”? What is the role of the researcher? What is the role of Museums and Artistic Institutions? What is the critical vision of the University regarding these questions? In addition, mainly, what are the possible interdisciplinary fields correlated to this field in question?

In its origin and formation, the Program covered interdisciplinary questions which leaded it to its current configuration, offering an opportunity for researchers from several units of USP: School of Communications and Arts (Escola de Comunicações e Artes – ECA/USP), School of Arts, Science and Humanities (Escola de Artes, Ciências e Humanidades – EACH/USP), Faculty of Philosophy, Letters and Human Science (Faculdade de Filosofia, Letras e Ciências Humanas – FFLCH/USP), Faculty of Architecture and Urbanism (Faculdade de Arquitetura e Urbanismo – FAU/USP), Museum of Contemporary Art (Museu de Arte Contemporânea – MAC/USP), and Medical School – Department of Occupational Therapy (Faculdade de Medicina - Departamento de Terapia Ocupacional – TO-FM/USP) – can systematize and organize together their researches and studies. Thus, the present Program presents a profile that motivates the growth and conjugations on the elaboration of inter-units, and even inter-institutions, future projects.

 

Through its professors, students and researchers, the Program intends to establish new parameters for the research in Aesthetics and Art History, focusing, specially, on an interdisciplinary perspective. These efforts emerge from the programmatic contents of offered courses, research projects organized by professors and students and, specially, in the activities of extension and diffusion of research on art. The national and international institutional exchanges are also prioritized.

 

It is worth noticing that the International Academic Partnerships for exchange of students and professors and the realization of joint activities, coordinated by professors of the Program have amplified its internationalization. They are: Università degli Studi di Milano, Italy; Universidad Alberto Hurtado, Chile; Fundación Museo Reina Sofía, Spain; Universität Bremen, Germany; besides the Double Degree Partnership, recently signed with the Université Paris I – Panthéon Sorbonne, France.

 

From this set of actions, professors and students of the Program elaborate theoretical, methodological and epistemological procedures devoted to the field of contemporary artistic interdisciplinarity.

 

The interdisciplinary activities and the good reception of the master’s degree on Aesthetics and Art History towards the job market motivate the continuity of these studies on a doctoral level – recognized as entrance door of academic structure and indicative factor of professional improvement. The doctorate was approved on the second semester of 2013 and its first class started on the second semester of 2014.

 

 

The Program advanced, each year, in its interdisciplinary proposal, however, it’s consensus among its members that there is a lot of work ahead for the consolidation of the interdisciplinarity, including the comprehension of this new area of knowledge.

 

Coordinators and Vice-Coordinators of the Inter-Graduate Program in Aesthetics and Art History (Programa de Pós-Graduação Interunidades em Estética e História da Arte - PGEHA)

Maria Cristina Machado Freire
Edson Roberto Leite

2015/2017
2015/2017

Coordinator
[Vice-Coordinator]

Carmen Sylvia Guimarães Aranha
Lisbeth Ruth Rebollo Gonçalves

2013/2015
2013/2015

Coordinator
[Vice-Coordinator]

Carmen Sylvia Guimarães Aranha
Lisbeth Ruth Rebollo Gonçalves

2011/2013
2011/2013

Coordinator
[Vice-Coordinator]

Dilma de Melo Silva
Carmen Sylvia Guimarães Aranha
Kabengele Munanga

2009/2011
2010/2011
2009/2010

Coordinator
[Vice-Coordinator]

[Vice-Coordinator]

Elza Maria Ajzenberg
Kabengele Munanga
Marlene Yurgel

2006/2009
2007/2009
2006/2007

Coordinator
[Vice-Coordinator]

[Vice-Coordinator]